Non-timber Forest Products (NTFPs) have been welfare, subsistence or livelihood commodity since long and are traditional source of food, fiber, medicine, etc for the forest dwelling communities. Some 80 percent of the people living in developing countries depend on non-timber forest products, such as fruits and herbs, for their primary health and nutritional needs. The estimated total value of the most economically important NTFPs in world trade is about $11 billion annually (Wilkinson and Elevitoh, 2003). It is estimated that of the 6.2 billion people on the planet, 25 percent depend to varying degrees on the forest's resources for their livelihood and 350 million people living in or near dense forest depend highly on them for their subsistence or livelihood (Killman, 2003). FAO estimated that NTFPs are capable of generating 4 million man-years of employment annually (FAO 2002). The global trade value of NTFPs has increased from US$9 billion in 1996 to US$14 billion in 2005. Though the increase in global trade from 1996 to 2000 (US$9.4 billion) was marginal (4%), from 2000 to 2005 the increase rose by 50% (Based on UN Comtrade data as on 31 August, 2007).
India's rich biodiversity of 45,000 plant species is spread across 16 Agro-climatic zones. Out of these, about 3000 species yield economically exploitable NTFPs (FAO 2002). These include medicinal plants, edible plants, starches, gums and mucilage's, oils & fats, resins & oleo-resins, essential oils, spices, drugs, tannins, insecticides, natural dyes, bamboos & canes, fibers & flosses, grasses, tendu leaves, animal products and edible products. Public health contribution of NTFPs based on use in traditional medicine is 80% of the population in developing countries (WHO, 2002) and NTFPs contribution to household income is 49 percent in India (Foppes and Ketphanh, 2003). India also has a 42 percent share of total removals in the category of other plant products, such as tendu leaves and lac, followed by Brazil and Mexico. (FRA, 2005). Minor forest products contribute about 50 percent to Indian government forest revenue and 70 percent of forest-based product exports (ICCF, 2005). The monetary value of Medicinal and aromatic related global trade is over 60 billion USD (Karki and Nagpal, 2004).
Prof. Manmohan Yadav - Principal Investigator
Prof. H.S.Gupta - Co-ordinator RCNAEB
Ms.Asha Khanna - Member
Dr.Manish Mishra - Member
Mr.V.Devadevan - Member
Ms. Kalpana Basera- Project SRF
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Prof. Manmohan Yadav
Principal Investigator, NTFP-MIS Project
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF FOREST MANAGEMENT,
Post Box No.357,Nehru Nagar Bhopal-462003, Madhya Pradesh, India
Phone: (0755) 2775716,2773799 Fax: (0755) 2772878